Empty airports

Ghost Airports: Unfinished, Abandoned or Forgotten

Airports are typically lively places — full of activity, bustle and people zooming from place to place. Or, at least, they should be. Today, TPG Contributor Eric Rosen takes a look at several airports that… didn’t quite pan out.

Scattered all over the world are the bones of airports that have been hilariously overbuilt, abandoned, left incomplete or forgotten altogether. These façades are both a testament to bygone industry and grandeur, as well as a reminder of the great, unseen cycles that shape human civilization.

They’re also just kind of cool and creepy to explore.

While many of the following decommissioned airports are lying in abject disuse, others have been salvaged for great new purposes … so it appears there’s hope for all of us.

1. Berlin’s Boondoggle

Germans are known for efficiency and keeping tight schedules, but when it comes to building a new airport for their capital, they just can’t seem to keep things on track. Almost since construction on the Berlin-Brandenburg Willy Brandt International Airport began in 2006, the project has had a series of setbacks including fire safety system problems and other technical issues.

The facility was originally supposed to open in November 2011. Then June 2012. Then March 2013. Then October 2013. Then late 2016. Then … well, you get the picture. Now, German officials are predicting an opening date in late 2017 — 11 years after the project began.

When it does finally open, Berlin Brandenburg will have capacity for 27 million passengers a year — but that’s still a couple years in the future. For now, you can take a bus tour for 10 euros (about $11) or even take a two-hour bike tour of the grounds for 15 euros ($16.50) hosted by Berlin Airports.

2. Spain’s Ghost Airport

When it was completed in 2008, privately owned (and ironically named) Don Quixote Airport in the town of Ciudad Real, set nearly 150 miles from Madrid in the region of La Mancha, was meant to be a symbol of Spain’s economic boom.

Instead, the project became a glaring emblem for the country’s financial woes. Turns out the private investors who built it were as delusional as the literary character for whom they named it.

The airport actually did welcome flights for a few years, with a 2.5-mile runway and a gleaming passenger terminal meant to handle 2.5 million passengers a year. Ryanair flew there for a while, and then Vueling offered government-subsidized flights. But in the end, only about 30,000 passengers or so a year were flying through here, and it was closed in 2012.

The Don Quixote complex made it back into the news in July when a Chinese investment company called Tzaneen International put in a bid at auction for a mere 10,000 euros (about $11,000 at the time) for the whole thing. There’s still time for counter offers, but those look unlikely.

Tzaneen plans to invest 60-100 million euros (roughly $67.5-$112.5 million) to make Ciudad Real’s airport a major point of entry for Chinese companies looking to bring business to Europe.

3. There’s Airports in That Thar Desert

Literally, the following airports are in India’s Thar Desert. And they’re … deserted. (Sorry, I couldn’t resist.)

The Thar Desert is also known as the Great Indian Desert, and stretches along four Indian states, forming a natural boundary between India and Pakistan. Since 2009, the Indian government has reportedly spent about $50 million constructing and renovating eight airports in the Thar — none of which receive regular, scheduled flights.

These eight airports were part of a government plan to build dozens, if not hundreds, of low-cost airports for the Airports Authority of India to help fuel India’s domestic aviation boom, and to connect remote regions to the rest of the country.

Among the most notable: Jaisalmer, a remote desert city in Rajasthan, got a $17-million terminal designed for 300,000 passengers a year and including parking areas for three narrow-body jets, according to Reuters. However, it’s stood empty for over two years now. That same story is playing out across the country, as around half of the AAI’s 100 or so domestic-service airports didn’t receive a scheduled flight this year.

4. Gaza Stripped

The Gaza International Airport was an ambitious project built for $86 million in 1998. It remained in service for three years before the control tower and radar station were bombed by the Israeli Defense force during the 2001 Al-Aqsa Intifada. Then the IDF bulldozed the runway in 2002.

Though many in the international community have since called for it to reopen, and it’s been renamed for late Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, the facility is totally mothballed and its tarmac has been scavenged for other building projects.

5. Spooky in Cyprus

Mothballed during the invasion of Turkish forces in 1974, the Nicosia International Airport on Cyprus is creepier than many others on this list because it feels as though it was abandoned in the middle of a busy day — and not disturbed since.

Though there’s nothing terribly special about the ‘70s architecture, you can still see the check-in desks, passenger seating and even two abandoned planes on the tarmac, including a Cyprus Airways jet.

Today, the airport is under the aegis of the UN and not open for commercial use.

6. Denver’s Lone Tower

Although its first terminal was built in 1929, you don’t have to be an old-timer to remember Denver’s former hub, Stapleton International Airport. The final departure was a Continental Airlines flight to London that left on February 25, 1995.

The culprit for the airport’s closure? Traffic congestion, little space for expansion and irregular weather that required longer runways than the six found at this sprawling facility.

You won’t see much of the complex today, as the area has since been turned into a housing development with streets and streets of planned communities and even a main drag with stores. But over it all looms the airport’s former control tower, which the Denver Post reported is going to be turned into a 25,000-square-foot dining and entertainment venue managed by Punch Bowl Social.

7. From Airliners to Cruise Liners at Hong Kong Kai Tak

Before the opening of the massive, modern new Hong Kong Airport on Chek Lap Kok island, Hong Kong Kai Tak was the city’s hub.

Originally built in 1925, the airport was tiny for such a busy metropolis. It was comprised of just a solitary runway extending into Kowloon Bay, and surrounded by residential buildings in what became one of Hong Kong’s most densely populated areas. They used to say that if you were hungry on your flight into Hong Kong, you could just reach out the plane window and grab a bowl of noodles from an apartment as you passed by.

Humor aside, it was widely considered one of the world’s most dangerous airports. Nearly a third of all flights there were delayed, noise and air pollution were huge issues and there was just no way to expand its capacity, so something had to change.

When the new airport opened, much of the site was systematically dismantled. But it reopened in 2013 as the Kai Tak Cruise Terminal after over $300 million in renovations, so if you arrive in Hong Kong on a ship instead of a plane, you can still pass through Kai Tak.

8. Isolated in Inner Mongolia

The past few years have been replete with stories of entire ghost cities in the vast Inner Mongolia region of China, but perhaps the most shocking is Ordos. It was built to house over one million people, but only two percent of its buildings were ever inhabited.

Today, you’ll find a smattering of folks living here, but certainly not enough to require a behemoth airport like the one called Eerduosi that was built here and now gets just a few flights a week from Beijing.

This Gizmodo report takes you through it, pointing out features like Mongolian statues and murals, as well as hanging gardens and futuristic fountains.

9. Magnificent, Misapplied Montreal-Mirabel

This massive project originally opened in 1975, just in time to welcome visitors from around the world to the 1976 Summer Olympics.

The airport was designed to handle a whopping 50 million passengers, making it the biggest in the world at the time. But almost immediately after its opening, it started facing problems. The first was its distance from the city – over 30 miles. A high-speed rail connection to the city was supposed to be built but never materialized.

The second: The government mandated that all international passenger flights come through here instead of the older Dorval (now Trudeau) Airport. But Dorval continued to field domestic flights. Can you say misconnect?

Instead, airlines and passengers opted to fly to Toronto and avoid the hassle. Dorval was eventually reopened to international flights in 1997, and by then, an economic slump relegated Mirabel to mostly cargo service. Its final passenger flight took off to London in 2004.

Right after, it was used as the set for the Tom Hanks film, Terminal. Today, it’s mainly an air cargo facility, and there’s even a motorsport complex around it, but plans to turn it into an amusement park have been scrapped.

10. Athletic Athens Ellinikon International

It’s not all gloom and doom for abandoned airports, though. Athens’ former airport is just four miles from the city center, and was the former hub of Olympic Airlines. It was originally built in 1938, but abandoned in 2001 with the opening of the new airport in advance of the 2004 Summer Olympics.

Seeing an opportunity, the Greeks actually turned it into a venue for the games, and sports like baseball, kayaking and field hockey took place on its grounds.

You can still visit it today and wander around the remains of decommissioned airliners.

11. Born-Again Berlin Tempelhof Airport

We started with Berlin, and we’re ending with Berlin. That’s right, the city’s got not one but two derelict airports!

Tempelhof is actually the city’s former international airport – a huge complex built in the early 20th century that was at one time an SS camp and then a US military base crucial to the success of the Berlin Airlift, before eventually becoming one of Germany’s commercial hubs.

The airport was finally closed in 2008, but it’s finding new life today as a huge public park with plans for a public library and a garden center. You can walk and bike along its former runways and even marvel at abandoned aircraft rusting away in one of the fields.